The Crucifixion (left wing), The Prophecy of the Recovery… | MSK Gent
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The Crucifixion (left wing), The Prophecy of the Recovery of Hezekiah (central panel), Abbot Jacob Delrio with Patron Saint (right wing), The Raising of Lazarus (grisaille, back side of the outer wings)

  • oil paint, panel
  • 178 x 67 cm
  • Inv. S-94

Public Domain

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Public Domain

Download PDF

Public Domain

Download PDF

Public Domain

Download PDF
6870 467a6b6a3ec285e428d1d131873eee67
6871 31c9a29250bf3bc7f03d6d97987df390
6872 3f01a7fa6b0b2328f721866d5cfeeee5
6873 135200461de24966f403dac85dac2dc1

This triptych originates from the Baudelo Abbey in Ghent. The Antwerp painter Jacob de Backer was commissioned by the abbot, Jacob del Rio, who is portrayed on the panel on the right with his patron saint. Probably partly at the behest of Del Rio, De Backer depicted the story of the miraculous healing of the Jewish king Hizkia on the central panel. Looking at the iconography of this work, the triptych comes together in a compelling way: the cavalry on the panel on the left, the passage from the Old Testament in the centre, and the raising of Lazarus in grisaille on the back of the panels all refer to the salvation from death.

Artist

Jacob de Backer RKD
Antwerp 1540 - 1545 - Antwerp 1591 - 1600
painters (artists)AAT

Title The Crucifixion (left wing), The Prophecy of the Recovery of Hezekiah (central panel), Abbot Jacob Delrio with Patron Saint (right wing), The Raising of Lazarus (grisaille, back side of the outer wings)
Period 16th century
Location Antwerp TGN
Signatures, inscriptions, and markings coat of arms with motto on teh right panel of the polyptych, top left: CONCVSSA MANET.
inscription on the central panel of the architrave of the polyptych, above the bed: DISPONE DOMVI TVAE QVIA MORIERIS TV & NO VIVES. ESAIAE.38.
inscription polyptych, opened, on the right panel: OBSECRO DNE VIM / PATIOR. RESPONDE / PRO ME. ERVE AIAM / MEA VIT NO PEREAT / PROIICE POST TER / GVM TVVM OMNIA / PCTA MEA ESAI, 38.
inscription polyptych, closed, at the bottom: EGO SV RESVRRECTIO & VITA, QVI CREDIT / IN ME, ETIAM SI MORTVVS FVAERIT VIVET / PATER, GRATIAS AGO TIBI, QVIA SEPER ME / AVDIS VT CREDAT QVIA TV ME MISISTI HAEC / CVM DIXISSET, VOCE MAGNA CLAMAVIT / LAZARE VENI FORAS IOHANIS. C.
Collection paintings AAT
Object type oil paintings (visual works) AAT
Inventory number S-94
Acquisition credit
onbekend
Current whereabouts Work on display
Permalink https://mskgent.be/collection/work/data/S-94
IIIF Manifest https://imagehub.mskgent.be/iiif/3/6870/manifest.json
https://imagehub.mskgent.be/iiif/3/6871/manifest.json
https://imagehub.mskgent.be/iiif/3/6872/manifest.json
https://imagehub.mskgent.be/iiif/3/6873/manifest.json
Art & Architecture Thesaurus 300055874 religious symbolism AAT
25H landscapes Iconclass
Keywords Iconclass 11C13 tetragram (in Roman or Hebrew script) ~ symbol of God the Father Iconclass
11D Christ Iconclass
11D3 Christ as adult Iconclass
11D351 Christ suffering (with crown of thorns, head usually turned sidewards) Iconclass
11F the Virgin Mary Iconclass
11H(JAMES THE GREAT)11 the apostle James the Great; possible attributes: book, pilgrim's cloak, hat, shell, staff, and wallet, scroll, sword - male saint as patron, protector, intercessor Iconclass
11HH female saints Iconclass
11P31131 insignia of bishop, e.g. mitre, crozier Iconclass
11P315311 abbot Iconclass
11P3154 habit, frock Iconclass
11Q751 (public) prayer Iconclass
25D11 precious and semiprecious stones Iconclass
25G1 plants (in general) Iconclass
25I9 landscape with ruins Iconclass
31A211 (human) skull Iconclass
31A252 postures and gestures of arms and hands in relation to each other Iconclass
31A71 male sex; man Iconclass
31A72 female sex; woman Iconclass
31D112 child Iconclass
31D14 adult man Iconclass
31D15 adult woman Iconclass
34B11 dog Iconclass
41A11 palace Iconclass
41A23 bedroom Iconclass
41A421(+0) curtains (+ variant) Iconclass
41A711 table Iconclass
41A761 bed Iconclass
41A76122 four poster bed Iconclass
41A7751 container made of plant material other than wood: basket Iconclass
41C37 table-cloth Iconclass
41D221(HEADSCARF) head-gear (HEADSCARF) Iconclass
41D2332 shoes, sandals Iconclass
41D26511 gold-thread embroidery Iconclass
41D266 ornaments, jewels Iconclass
41D2663 ear-rings Iconclass
41D2665 brooch, agraffe, clasp Iconclass
42E31 grave, tomb Iconclass
42E33 sarcophagus Iconclass
42F5 house personnel, servants Iconclass
42F53 manservant, footman Iconclass
44B191 crown (symbol of sovereignty) Iconclass
45C14(LANCE) helved weapons, polearms (for striking, hacking, thrusting): lance Iconclass
45C19(SHIELD) protective weapons: shield Iconclass
45C22 armour Iconclass
45C221 helmet Iconclass
45C41 (military) camp with tents Iconclass
45D313 private soldier Iconclass
46A122 coats of arms, heraldry Iconclass
46C11 road, path Iconclass
61B2(JACOBUS DELRIO) historical person (JACOBUS DELRIO) Iconclass
71 Old Testament Iconclass
71L244 Hezekiah's illness and recovery (2 Kings 20:1-11; Isaiah 38) Iconclass
71L2442 as Isaiah is about to leave the palace God tells him to return to King Hezekiah and to announce his recovery Iconclass
73 New Testament Iconclass
73C public life of Christ: from his baptism until the Passion Iconclass
73C5 miracles of Christ: raising of the dead Iconclass
73C52 the story of Lazarus (John 11:1-44) Iconclass
73C523 the raising of Lazarus ('Lazarus, come out') Iconclass
73C524 Lazarus' shroud is removed Iconclass
73D Passion of Christ Iconclass
73D58 the superscription: I(esus) N(azarenus) R(ex) I(udaeorum) ~ Christ's crucifixion Iconclass
73D6 the crucifixion of Christ: Christ's death on the cross; Golgotha (Matthew 27:45-58; Mark 15:33-45; Luke 23:44-52; John 19:25-38) Iconclass
73D625 bystanders at the foot of the cross, among whom Mary, Mary Magdalene and John the Evangelist; Mary may be shown swooning Iconclass
92D1916 cupids: 'amores', 'amoretti', 'putti' Iconclass
School / Style Renaissance AAT
Note des tableaux dessins et estampes déposés dans la ci-devant école de l'abbaye de Baudeloo. Ceux marqués d'un K sont conformes à la note du 10 ventôse an V, trouvés au quartier de l'abbé de Saint-Pierre / Charles Piot. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], [s.a.] (nr. 55)
Notice des tableaux du musée de la ville de Gand, situé au local de l'académie royale de dessin, sculpture, architecture, etc. - Gand : D.J. Vanderhaeghen-Hulin, 1846 (nr. 35)
Catalogue du musée de peinture de la ville de Gand, 1900 / Louis Maeterlinck. - Gand : Imprimerie Victor Van Doosselaere, 1900 (nr. 13)
Museum van Schoone Kunsten : Catalogus ; Oude Meesters, Schilderstukken, teekeningen, plaatsneden (met geschiedkundig overzicht) / Maurice Dupuis, Georges Charles Nicolas Marie Hulin de Loo, Fritz Van Loo. - Gent : Drukkerij F. De Vos, 1938 ; Gent : Stad Gent, 1938 (p. 22-23)
Gent / Jan Dhondt, Paul De Keyser. - Antwerpen : De Sikkel, 1947 (p. 293)
Flemish Painters : Historical Survey (1430-1830) ; Dictionary ; Bibliographies ; Volume One - Two / Reginald Howard Wilenski. - London : Faber and Faber Limited, 1960 (dl. 1, p. 625)
Un 'Juicio Final' inedito de Jacques de Backer / Matías Díaz Padrón. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], [s.a.] (dl. 1, p. 44)
The Five Senses by the Antwerp Artist Jacob de Backer / Agnes Czobor. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], [s.a.] (jg. 23, p. 223)
Jacques de Backer : Ein Vertreter der florentinisch-römischen Maniera in Antwerpen / Justus Müller Hofstede. - [s.l.] : [s.n.], [s.a.] (jg. 35, p. 230, 232, 234, 238, 252, 340)
Museum voor Schone Kunsten Gent = Museum of Fine Arts Ghent / Claudie De Guillebon, Jacques Ostier, Robert Hoozee, Monique Tahon-Vanroose. - Parijs : Association des Amis de "Musées 2000", 1989 (p. 25 (ill.))
Museum voor Schone Kunsten Gent : Catalogus schilderkunst ; Deel I: 14de - 18de eeuw ; Deel II: 19de - 20ste eeuw / Robert Hoozee, Johan De Smet, Bruno Fornari, Ruth Monteyne. - Gent : Museum voor Schone Kunsten Gent, 2007 (dl. I, p. 49 (ill.))
Museum voor Schone Kunsten Gent : De collectie (tentoonstelling vanaf 21 maart 2021) / Johan De Smet, Bart Ooghe, Frederica Van Dam, Lieven Van Den Abeele, Cathérine Verleysen. - Gent : Museum voor Schone Kunsten Gent, 2021
Musée des Beaux-Arts de Gand : La Collection (exposition dès le 21 mars 2021) / Johan De Smet, Bart Ooghe, Frederica Van Dam, Lieven Van Den Abeele, Cathérine Verleysen. - Gand : Musée des Beaux-Arts de Gand, 2021
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