Summer (Aestas), from the series The Four Seasons | MSK Gent
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Summer (Aestas), from the series The Four Seasons, 1563

  • burin engraving, paper
  • 271 x 513 mm
  • Inv. 2014-PR

Public Domain

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In the foreground is the personification of Summer: an adult man, crowned with a wreath of corn. In his hands he holds several ears of corn. In the background are summer scenes: farmers haying and harvesting; sheep being washed and sheared and a shepherd with his sheep. Above in the sky are the three astrological signs of summer: Cancer, Leo and Virgo. The print has a Latin caption and is part of a four-part series on the four seasons.


Philips Galle RKD
Haarlem 1537 - Antwerp 1612
engravers (printmakers)AAT

Maarten van Heemskerck RKD
Heemskerk 1498 - Haarlem 1574

Title Summer (Aestas), from the series The Four Seasons
Date 1563
Period 16th century
Location Haarlem TGN
Medium and support burin engraving AAT
Collection print room
Object type burin engraving AAT
Inventory number 2014-PR
Acquisition credit unknown
Current whereabouts Work currently not on display
IIIF Manifest
Art & Architecture Thesaurus 300055866 allegory (artistic device) AAT
300189808 figures (representations) AAT
300015636 landscapes AAT
Keywords Iconclass 23D43 summer, 'Aestas'; 'Estate' (Ripa) Iconclass
23E43 summer ~ human activities (the four seasons of the year) Iconclass
23F43 summer landscape; landscape symbolizing summer (the four seasons of the year) Iconclass
23O31 Cancer (zodiacal sign of June) Iconclass
23O32 Leo (zodiacal sign of July) Iconclass
23O33 Virgo (zodiacal sign of August) Iconclass
24A sun as celestial body Iconclass
25H11 mountains Iconclass
25I3 farm or solitary house in landscape Iconclass
31A the (nude) human figure; 'Corpo humano' (Ripa) Iconclass
31A231 standing figure Iconclass
31A71 male sex; man Iconclass
31A72 female sex; woman Iconclass
31AA the (nude) human figure; 'Corpo humano' (Ripa) - AA - female human figure Iconclass
31AA231 standing figure - AA - female human figure Iconclass
41A17 farm (building) Iconclass
41A7751 container made of plant material other than wood: basket Iconclass
46A14 farmers Iconclass
46AA14 farmers - AA - female farmer, farmer's wife Iconclass
47I111 cereal, grain, corn (grass with grains, grown for food, e.g.: wheat, rice, rye, oats, maize, buckwheat, millet) Iconclass
47I1111 ears of corn Iconclass
47I14 harvest Iconclass
47I141 reaping, picking, mowing ~ harvest Iconclass
47I1431 hay-cock Iconclass
47I15(SCYTHE) agricultural implements: scythe Iconclass
47I15(SICKLE) agricultural implements: sickle Iconclass
47I17(HAY) agricultural products and by-products: hay Iconclass
47I213 sheep Iconclass
47I2211 herd, flock Iconclass
47I224 shearing (sheep) Iconclass
47I228 cattle driving, cattle driver Iconclass
48(+431) art (+ copy, copying ~ work of art) Iconclass
48C7211 musician training pupils, music-lesson Iconclass
48C7354 bagpipe, musette Iconclass
School / Style Renaissance AAT
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