The Devils Dzitts and Hihanox Leading Christ to Hell | MSK Gent
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The Devils Dzitts and Hihanox Leading Christ to Hell, 1895

  • etching, paper
  • 133 x 172 mm
  • Inv. 1998-B-90

Public Domain

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According to apocryphal texts, Christ visited Limbo after his death on the cross to redeem Adam and the righteous. This story offered artists throughout the centuries the opportunity to confront good and evil. This remarkable episode also fascinated Ensor. In his etching, Christ is willingly led by two devils before Satan's throne. The artist gave his own version of the story in the elaborate title with fantasised names. The print is a simplified version of the drawing of the same name from 1886 (Brussels, Royal Museums of Fine Arts of Belgium, inv. 7660). Ensor treated the same theme in the print "Christ descends into hell", also created in 1895 (inv. 1998-B-103).


James Ensor RKD VIAF Wikidata
Ostend 1860 - Ostend 1949

Title The Devils Dzitts and Hihanox Leading Christ to Hell
Date 1895
Period 19th century
Medium and support etching AAT
Signatures, inscriptions, and markings signatures (names) bottom left: Ensor
signatures (names) bottom right: James Ensor
inscription on the reverse: AT
inscription on the reverse: 6 / Les diables Dzitts et Hihanox conduisant le Christ aux enfers / D.88 / 90
Collection print room
Object type etching AAT
Inventory number 1998-B-90
Acquisition credit purchase
Taevernier, Auguste (coll.)
Current whereabouts Work currently not on display
IIIF Manifest
Art & Architecture Thesaurus 300055874 religious symbolism AAT
300056485 fantastic art AAT
Keywords Iconclass 11D Christ Iconclass
11K devil(s) and demons Iconclass
11K2 devils in the form of (fabulous) animals Iconclass
11T hell and purgatory Iconclass
13B3131 flying on broomstick, pitchfork, trident ~ witches' sabbath Iconclass
25F9 mis-shapen animals; monsters Iconclass
73 New Testament Iconclass
73D9 Christ in the underworld, harrowing of hell, Christ in Limbo, 'descensus ad inferos', 'Anastasis' Iconclass
School / Style phantasy
satire (artistic device) AAT
historicism (theory) AAT
Henri Leys, Henri de Braekeleer, James Ensor / Loys Delteil. - Paris : Chez l'Auteur, 1925 (nr. 88)
James Ensor : Catalogue illustré de ses gravures ; Leur description critique et l'inventaire des plaques = Geïllustreerde catalogus van zijn gravures ; Hun kritische beschrijving en inventaris van de platen = Illustrated catalogue of his engravings ; Their critical description and inventary of the plates / Auguste Taevernier. - Ledeberg (Gent) : Erasmus Boekhandel bv Amsterdam, 1973 (nr. 90)
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