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MSK 225!

09.02.22 – 09.03.23
event MSK 225
225 social INSTA8

In 2023, the MSK will celebrate its 225th anniversary. That makes us officially the 'oldest museum in Belgium'! And this year, the Friends of the Museum blow out 125 candles. We're celebrating both anniversaries in one big cultural festive year. Get ready for two major exhibitions, a new thematic trail through the museum galleries and a series of art projects in the city.

MSK 225: historical trail

Get to know all about 225 years of MSK and the ins and outs of an art museum through collection pieces, a thematic audio guide and multimedia applications.

DSC05674

Taking the collection outside

The 225th anniversary of the museum is the occasion for a large participatory project with and for the inhabitants of Ghent. You'll find the results throughout the year in the city and in the museum galleries.

20220812 MSK Co Gent Opening c Martin Corlazzoli COR03836

Follow the party with #msk225

MSK 225: historical trail

Get to know all about 225 years of MSK and the ins and outs of an art museum through collection pieces, a thematic audio guide and multimedia applications.

DSC05674

Artistic city tours

The history of the MSK is closely intertwined with the history of Ghent. Especially for the anniversary year we've published a walking guide to artistic Ghent. Discover the stories that lie behind the facades at your own pace, or take part in the guided city walks.

François Jean Louis Boulanger, 'The tower on the Friday Market in Ghent', 1845, MSK Ghent

Enjoy the party in all exclusivity!

Our nocturnes offer you a unique opportunity to enjoy the museum in style. Marvel at the 'Albert Baertsoen' exhibition and our top collection, and enjoy an exclusive reception or walking dinner in the galleries.

Visit Reeks38 DT006978

Taking the collection outside

The 225th anniversary of the museum is the occasion for a large participatory project with and for the inhabitants of Ghent. You'll find the results throughout the year in the city and in the museum galleries.

20220812 MSK Co Gent Opening c Martin Corlazzoli COR03836

Follow the party with #msk225

1770

The Ghent drawing school run by painter Philippe Charles Marissal becomes the 'Académie Royale de Dessin, Peinture et Architecture'. From 1792 on it holds biannual salons and competitions. Works from the Academy remain in the museum collection even today, but it was not initially intended to be a museum.

1792

Ernest Joseph Bailly wins the Academy’s first art competition with his work 'Contempt of hatred', which can still be seen in the museum.

1798

When France takes over the Southern Netherlands, Ghent also comes under French rule. Churches and convents are systematically dissolved and their art falls into the hands of the state. Many of these works are assembled in a public collection in Ghent, first in the Baudelo Monastery and later in Saint Peter’s church. It is here that the 'Musée du Département de l’Escaut' - the oldest art museum in what would later become Belgium - is established on 9 September 1798.

1802

The museum opens its doors to visitors on 22 November 1802 with a collection consisting mainly of 17th-century Flemish paintings, and this changes very little in the ensuing years. New works from Ghent’s city hall are added to the collection, some minor works are sold off, and a series of religious paintings are returned to the churches from which they were originally removed.

1811

The 'Musée de l’Académie' opens in an upstairs gallery of the Augustinian monastery. The museum is now a designated municipal institution. Art students come to study and copy the works of their predecessors, and rules are set out to ensure that they behave themselves in the museum.

1830

The Northern and Southern Netherlands are divided again on 20 December 1830, with Leopold I appointed as the first King of sovereign Belgium on 21 July 1831.

1835

The museum purchases its first work by a living artist: 'Auction of Seized Goods' (1835) by Joseph Geirnaert. Starting in the second half of the 1830s, the city of Ghent begins acquiring contemporary works of art for the museum, mainly selecting them at the tri-annual salons of Brussels, Antwerp and Ghent. They reflect the conservative, late-romantic tastes of the time.

1860

The museum purchases its first work by an Old Master: the 'Allegory of the Five Senses' (1632) by Theodoor Rombouts. The work depicts the five senses as rustic figures engaged in everyday activities. This painting continues to be a firm favourite among museum visitors even today.

1860-1900

A major trend for French art develops in the period from 1860 to 1880. From 1890 on the museum begins to acquire works by conservatively modernist artists, such as Emile Claus and Anders Zorn. Women, the working class, Ghent residents and tourists find their way to the museum. Benches are provided, opening hours are expanded and the museum organises various activities.

1892

1897

Two prominent Ghent residents, Fernand Scribe and Georges Hulin de Loo, establish the Society of Friends of the Museum of Ghent. The association purchases works by artists who have died at least 50 years previously. Even before World War I, the Friends help the museum acquire some absolute masterpieces, including 'Christ Carrying the Cross' by Jheronymous Bosch and 'Jupiter and Antiope' by Anthony van Dyck.

1898

The city decides to commission a new building in which the collection can be seen at its best. Architect Charles Van Rysselberghe, brother of painter Théo Van Rysselberghe, designs an ingenious buildingon a human scale. Every gallery admits sunlight, and the floor plan is varied yet simple. A site for the building is chosen at the edge of the city, in the Citadel Park.

1904

King Leopold II opens the museum officially on 9 May 1904.

1908

The Friends of the Museum buy the 'Portrait of a Kleptomaniac' by Théodore Géricault at a public auction in Paris. It is one of the five remaining portraits of mentally disturbed people - the so-called monomaniacs - that Géricault painted at the hospital La Salpêtrière in Paris. 'Saint Jerome' is also purchased: one of only about 25 works attributed with certainty to Jheronymus Bosch.

1911-1913

For the Ghent World’s Fair of 1913, the museum is expanded with a U-shaped addition and two semicircular wings, doubling its floor space. The museum hosts the exhibition 'L’Art ancien dans les Flandres'.

1914

Upon his death, Fernand Scribe donates his entire private collection to the museum, including works by Pieter Breughel the Younger, Tintoretto, Jacob Jordaens, Jean-Baptiste Corot, Constant Permeke and Gustave de Smet. This single donation adds over 220 paintings, sculptures and works on paper to the museum’s collection. About 10% of the art permanently on show in the galleries today, originally belonged to Scribe.

1914-1918

The museum closes on 16 August 1914 and the German army’s pharmaceutical service occupies the cellars (the current site of the office wing). The building suffers heavy damage throughout the war years.

1940-1945

To protect it from damage and theft during the war, the entire museum collection is moved to Pau, in the South of France. The building again suffers serious war damage.

1951

1957

The Society for the Museum of Contemporary Art is founded in order to keep pace with developments in the world of contemporary art, as its members feel this is not adequately represented in the MSK.

1965

1966

The museum building is declared a protected national monument.

1975

The Museum of Contemporary Art is established as a division of the Museum of Fine Art, with Jan Hoet as its first curator. The new museum occupies ten of the MSK’s galleries for many years, until the S.M.A.K. opens its doors on the other side of the street in 1999.

1977

ca. 1985

1997

1999

The Flemish government recognises the MSK as a national museum.

2002

2002 Grand Tour weekend Salut d Honneur aan het MSK

2003

The Flemish Masterwork Decree, intended to ensure that valuable Flemish heritage cannot be permanently removed from the country, takes effect on 24 January. Today the MSK collection includes around 50 of the works that are named in the Flemish Masterwork Decree, some of which are on display in the galleries.

2003-2007

In September 2003 the museum closes for major renovation work. The facades are cleaned, the roof and floors restored, and the office wing updated. At the same time, modern technologies are installed to manage humidity, temperature, lighting and security. Part of the collection remains on display at various locations in Ghent, including in the crypt of Saint Bavo’s Cathedral and the Leopold Barracks.

2007

2008

Belgian artist Raoul De Keyser donates 187 works on paper to the MSK. He believes that the museum is the best place for these works, created between 1964 and 1979, due to its expertise in conserving works on paper and organising exhibitions of prints and drawings.

2009

2012-2019

The outer wings and five lower panels of the Ghent Altarpiece undergo restoration in the MSK, carried out by the Royal Institute for Cultural Heritage (KIK-IRPA). Visitors can watch the work behind a glass partition. The restoration shines new light on the altarpiece, as 40% of it is revealed to have been painted over.

2013

2014

The Autonomous Municipal Entity for Art and Design is founded, uniting the administrative bodies of the MSK, S.M.A.K and Design Museum Ghent. The newly created Autonomous Municipal Entity for Heritage is also founded to govern the StaM, MIAT (now known as the Museum of Industry) and Huis van Alijn.

2016

Art collectors Jozef and Fernand De Blieck make an extraordinary donation of 25 rare paintings and sculptures to the MSK. These are mainly by artists who worked in Sint-Martens-Latem and the Leie region. Read more on this donation.

2017

Artist Patrick Van Caeckenbergh donates 'The cigar box' to the MSK. Formerly his work space, this is now an inspired work of art that occupies a central place in the museum.

2018

The museum goes through a difficult period at the start of the year due to a controversial loan. In the spring, however, the team can once again fully focus on organising the exhibition 'Van Eyck. An Optical Revolution', scheduled for 2020.

2020

The MSK organises 'Van Eyck. An Optical Revolution', the biggest exhibition in the museum’s history. It attracts international media attention and brings visitors to Ghent in huge numbers, before the COVID-19 pandemic forces its closure after six weeks. It is awarded the prestigious Apollo Award for Exhibition of the Year.

2022-2023

The MSK launches a year of cultural festivities in celebration of its 225th anniversary and the 125th anniversary of the Friends of the Museum.