Margaret of Austria was aunt to the emperor Charles V and governess of the Netherlands for most of the period from 1507 to 1503. Her court in Mechelen became a centre of art and culture. This small diptych from the museum in Ghent was part of her art collection. It is ascribed to the Master of 1499, who was a pupil of Hugo van der Goes. The setting for Margaret of Austria Worshipping the Virgin and Child is her private apartment. She is kneeling on a red carpet with a white cross, indicating the coat of arms of her husband, Philibert of Savoy. The chained monkey at her feet symbolises the triumph of virtue over sin; the dog is a symbol of fidelity.